Meningitis May Also be Known as:
- Cerebrospinal fever
- Infectious disease&
- Cerebrospinal meningitis
- Brain fever
- Epidemic meningitis
What is Meningitis?
Meningitis is the inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord (called meninges). Most often, meningitis is caused by a viral infection, though it can also develop because of a bacterial or fungal infection too. Bacterial meningitis is the most serious form of this illness, though it is important that anyone showing symptoms of meningitis get checked out by a medical professional as quickly as possible. In its early stages, meningitis in adults and children tends to look a lot like the flu.
What are the Symptoms of Meningitis?
- High fever
- Severe headache
- Nausea and vomiting
- Confusion and sleepiness
- Sensitivity to light
- Lack of appetite
Meningitis in Newborns & Infants
Newborns who have not had their vaccinations are also at an increased risk of meningitis. In newborns and infants, meningitis can cause:
- High fever
- Sleepiness and/or irritability
- Difficulty eating
- Stiffness in the neck and body
- A bulge in the soft spot on the baby’s head
- The inability to be comforted
Treatment of Meningitis
The way a person with meningitis is treated actually depends on the form of the disease that they have. Bacterial meningitis is treated with corticosteroids and IV antibiotics, while meningitis that’s caused by a virus is usually treated with over-the-counter pain medications and plenty of rest and fluids.
If you suspect that you or a loved one may have meningitis, promptly schedule an appointment at an urgent care clinic to get the treatment you need.