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Comprehensive Metabolic Panel

Reasons to Get One, What to Expect, Associated Risks & More

Key Points

  • A comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) is a blood test that measures various bodily levels, such as glucose, kidney and liver function, and electrolyte and fluid balance.
  • Deviations from the standard range in these indicators can aid in diagnosing or ruling out certain conditions.
  • CMPs are often part of routine physicals or used to monitor ongoing conditions like diabetes or high blood pressure.
  • Test preparation may require fasting for up to 12 hours.
  • Solv provides a convenient way to book a CMP appointment at a local urgent care facility.

A comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) is a blood test that measures several levels in the body. Specifically, it measures a person’s glucose level, kidney and liver function, and electrolyte and fluid balance. All of these have a range of what is considered to be “normal,” so a CMP can help to diagnose or rule out certain conditions based on the results. Sometimes, a comprehensive metabolic panel is ordered as part of a routine physical, and other times it may be done to help monitor an existing condition, like diabetes or high blood pressure. Some patients may be asked to stop eating and drinking for up to 12 hours prior to the test.

How does a CMP able indicate whether a person’s glucose level, kidney and liver function, and electrolyte and fluid balance is “normal”? By testing the specific levels in the blood of the following:

  • Glucose
  • Potassium
  • Sodium
  • Calcium
  • Chloride
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Total protein
  • Total bilirubin
  • Blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
  • Albumin
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)
  • Alanine amino transferase (ALT)
  • Alkaline phosphatase (ALP)

If you’ve been told to get a CMP, you can skip the hassle of trying to get a doctor’s appointment and instead, use Solv to find an appointment at a local urgent care facility. 

Frequently asked questions

  • What is a comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP)?

    A CMP is a blood test that measures various levels in the body, including glucose, kidney and liver function, and electrolyte and fluid balance.
  • What conditions can a CMP help diagnose?

    A CMP can help diagnose or rule out certain conditions based on deviations from the standard range in the indicators it measures. It is often used to monitor ongoing conditions like diabetes or high blood pressure.
  • What does a CMP test for?

    A CMP tests for levels of glucose, potassium, sodium, calcium, chloride, carbon dioxide, total protein, total bilirubin, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), albumin, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine amino transferase (ALT), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP).
  • Do I need to prepare for a CMP test?

    Yes, preparation for a CMP test may involve fasting for up to 12 hours.
  • How often should I get a CMP?

    CMPs are often part of routine physicals, but the frequency may depend on your specific health conditions and your doctor's recommendations.
  • Can a CMP be part of my routine physical?

    Yes, CMPs are often included as part of routine physical examinations.
  • Where can I get a CMP done?

    You can get a CMP done at a healthcare facility. Solv offers a convenient way to book an appointment at a local urgent care facility.
  • How can I book a CMP test?

    You can book a CMP test through Solv, which allows you to schedule an appointment at a local urgent care facility.

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