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Etiquette expert: Host a joyous Thanksgiving and avoid COVID conflict

William Hanson is widely regarded as one of the freshest and most trusted authorities on etiquette and civility. His youth, coupled with his old-fashioned values, gives him the credence to adjudicate on modern manners. Here is his modern take on Thanksgiving day while navigating COVID-19:

One of the areas I seem to get the most questions about is how to navigate family dynamics and conflicts - and big occasions like Thanksgiving, Christmas and other holiday parties are breeding grounds for lapses in civility.

Thanksgiving is one of the most important holidays in our annual calendars. A time to get together, celebrate and spend time with family and friends – and this year, after COVID, it feels even more significant.

But things aren’t as straightforward as they used to be. While some of us can relax, watch the game and enjoy the turkey without a COVID-care in the world, others feel overwhelmed about mixing indoors with large groups. Official guidance, recommended rules, and personal opinion can quickly collide, creating awkwardness and anxiety around how to behave and interact with others.

A new code of etiquette, with deeper levels of consideration, is required for both hosts and guests. Every person’s comfort zone is different, so to ensure a fun, enjoyable, and safe holiday celebration, we must all work together to navigate the minefield of correct COVID conduct.

Etiquette expert: Host a joyous Thanksgiving and avoid COVID conflict

William Hanson is widely regarded as one of the freshest and most trusted authorities on etiquette and civility. His youth, coupled with his old-fashioned values, gives him the credence to adjudicate on modern manners. Here is his modern take on Thanksgiving day while navigating COVID-19:

One of the areas I seem to get the most questions about is how to navigate family dynamics and conflicts - and big occasions like Thanksgiving, Christmas and other holiday parties are breeding grounds for lapses in civility.

Thanksgiving is one of the most important holidays in our annual calendars. A time to get together, celebrate and spend time with family and friends – and this year, after COVID, it feels even more significant.

But things aren’t as straightforward as they used to be. While some of us can relax, watch the game and enjoy the turkey without a COVID-care in the world, others feel overwhelmed about mixing indoors with large groups. Official guidance, recommended rules, and personal opinion can quickly collide, creating awkwardness and anxiety around how to behave and interact with others.

A new code of etiquette, with deeper levels of consideration, is required for both hosts and guests. Every person’s comfort zone is different, so to ensure a fun, enjoyable, and safe holiday celebration, we must all work together to navigate the minefield of correct COVID conduct.

My House, My Rules

It is essential that hosts adhere to official guidance and CDC recommendations to ensure everyone’s wellbeing. But it’s likely that, even within a close family group, people will have varying stances on masks, COVID vaccines, and safety protocols. This is the time for hosts to step-up and communicate their holiday house rules and behavioral expectations.

Tell guests well in advance what will be expected – for example, testing before they come, disclosing vaccine status, or sometimes wearing a mask. Inflicting last-minute rules or quizzing guests as they arrive may cause upset or irritation, as well as plenty of pre-dinner tension.

Consistency is also key, so avoid he-said, she-said confusion by sharing the same information with all guests. A group email might be easiest; keep the tone light and friendly (it’s supposed to be a fun celebration, after all) but be clear on what is expected. Good communication will help put people at ease, and give them time to reflect and prepare.

Etiquette tip:

Hosts should reassure guests that the intention is to keep everyone safe; guests should be thankful for the consideration and clarity of guidance.


Masking Manners

Some people feel relaxed not wearing a mask, whereas others wouldn’t consider stepping out without one. The CDC recommends that masks are worn inside if you are mixing with anyone who is unvaccinated or at higher risk of infection. So, if you are a mixed group (e.g. children, adults, elderly), a mask-on policy could be a safe approach for everyone.

It may be easiest to think of it as a modern dress code: guests wouldn’t want to turn up to a special occasion under-dressed or wearing the wrong thing, so they shouldn’t turn up to celebrate Thanksgiving without a mask if asked to wear one.

During the day, everyone should use their judgment and be practical. The CDC recommends wearing a mask when moving about, preparing food, or in very close proximity to others; the unvaccinated should be particularly rigorous with their mask-wearing. Take off your mask to drink or eat – it really is a matter of wearing it to the dinner table and then taking it off once seated (and putting it away or in a pocket as masks are never placed on the table).

Guests who usually adopt a mask-free approach to life should respect the host’s request. They are in someone else’s house, and only for a few hours, so the well-mannered thing to do is to stick to the rules and mask-up, rather than comment or criticise. Be sure, too, to wear your mask properly over your nose and mouth; masks worn as chin-straps are no use to anyone.

Etiquette tip:

Have a box of paper masks to hand out to guests who may have forgotten theirs.


Sharing the Status Quo

While official CDC guidance encourages everyone to be vaccinated, it is possible that Thanksgiving may draw together a mix of vaccinated and unvaccinated people. Not knowing everyone’s shot status may create discomfort and worry, and guests should have the right to make a well-informed decision before they accept an invitation.

Once again, hosts must take the lead. While they cannot insist that guests have their COVID shot (it is, after all, freedom of choice), it is acceptable to take a stance on whether or not unvaccinated guests will be invited to the event. If unvaccinated guests will be in attendance, it is perfectly acceptable to ask guests their vaccination status if it’s applicable. This should be handled carefully: reiterate that it is for the personal safety and comfort levels of all guests, not for nosey, personal judgments.

If the event will be open to a mix of vaccinated/unvaccinated guests, hosts can give the guests a general overview without naming names or, worse, a vaccinated host naming-and-shaming unvaccinated invitees. They can simply let guests know that everyone coming is fully vaccinated, or that there will be a mix of vaccinated and unvaccinated (remember that if there are children this will likely be the case).

Etiquette tip:

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As long as proper discussion has happened ahead of time, it is best to avoid controversial topics like vaccination status at the event; this is a time for fun and celebration, not for divided or political opinion.


Pass the Test

COVID testing has become a firm fixture in many people’s lives, so requesting that guests test before they attend shouldn’t come as a great surprise for anyone. Also, official CDC guidance stresses that viral testing is especially recommended when a mix of vaccinated and unvaccinated people are getting together.

Hosts can be friendly and practical in their approach to this, perhaps by encouraging guests to follow their lead. For example, ‘In our household, we will be doing COVID rapid tests on the morning of Thanksgiving…’. It is a step too far for hosts to insist that guests share evidence of their test results; instead, have good faith that people will test and act appropriately.

If a guest has a positive test result, obviously they will not attend. According to the CDC, unvaccinated members of their household would need to quarantine, and it would also be considerate for vaccinated members to sit this party out, as well – no one wants to mix with COVID close contacts.

Etiquette tip:

Considerate guests would both confirm that they will test on the day and promptly share their result.


Too Close for Comfort

COVID is still amongst us, so invitees should not feel obliged to attend. The thought of a large gathering, mixing with unvaccinated people, and being indoors in a crowd may just be too much, too soon, for some people.

There are graceful and polite ways to decline: first, be sure to say thank you for the invitation and then, rather than detailing your COVID anxieties, simply say that you are keeping things smaller and low-key this year.

Hosts should respect guests’ decisions and not pry too much – remember, it is probably better for an anxious guest to stay away, rather than them attending and being a worried wallflower.

Etiquette tip:

Absentees should send a message to the host on the day, wishing everyone a happy and safe holiday.


Clean and Tidy

Safety isn’t just about masks, vaccines and tests; there are measures that hosts can implement to enhance guests’ welfare.

The seasonal weather may not be kind to most of us, those blessed with warm days should make the most of it. Try to have as much of the day outside – whether that’s just drinks, or even dinner too. If that’s not possible, make sure there is plenty of indoor ventilation with open windows and doors to maximize airflow.

Place plenty of hand sanitizer around the house (including on the dinner table) so guests can help themselves and be reminded to use some as they move from room to room.

Hosts with a separate dining room could set the table a few days in advance and then ‘quarantine’ the room to minimize any contamination. Be sure to have clean hands before handling the tableware, and to place glasses upside down to keep them clean.

Deep clean the house, paying particular attention to communal areas and high-contact points such as light-switches and door handles. Have plenty of anti-bacterial wipes and gel in the bathroom; small individual towels or disposable paper towels are more hygienic than a communal hand-towel.

Etiquette tip:

Make using hand sanitizer a fun pre-dinner requirement by asking children to be ‘on duty’ at the dining room door, and to squirt people’s hands with gel as they enter.


Summary of Etiquette Suggestions 

from William Hanson, etiquette expert, in accordance with CDC Holiday Guidelines

  • Everyone’s comfort zone is different, so hosts and guests must be considerate and work together.
  • Hosts should tell guests in advance what will be expected of them, for example mask-wearing and COVID rapid testing.
  • It is best that everyone wears a mask when they aren’t eating or drinking.
  • For everyone’s peace of mind, guests should tell the host their vaccine status.
  • Everyone should take responsibility and do a COVID rapid test on the morning of the gathering.
  • If you feel uncomfortable attending a get together, remember that you don’t have to go!
  • Hosts should clean their house thoroughly beforehand, and make sure there are plenty COVID-safe supplies to hand out – anti-bacterial gel, face masks etc.
  • Have fun and enjoy the Thanksgiving holiday!


The views expressed by authors and contributors of such content are not endorsed or approved by Solv Health and are intended for informational purposes only. The content is reviewed by Solv Health only to confirm educational value and reader interest. You are encouraged to discuss any questions that you may have about your health with your healthcare provider.

1 Sources

Solv has strict sourcing guidelines and relies on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical associations. We avoid using tertiary references.

  • Holiday Celebrations, CDC recommendations(October 15, 2021)
    https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/daily-life-coping/holidays/celebrations.html