Optometry is a specialty that focuses on the care of the eyes. When you make an optometry appointment, you’ll see either an optometrist or an ophthalmologist. There are slight differences between the services these two doctors provide. For example, an optometrist usually handles routine eye examinations. They can look for problems with your eyes as well as check to see if your vision is normal. This might include doing a distance vision test, eye movement test, refraction test, and more. If you can’t see clearly, they will prescribe glasses or contact lenses. An optometrist may also be able to prescribe prescriptions to help you with small problems, such as dry eye or an eye infection. However, for more serious issues, they’ll refer you to an ophthalmologist.
An ophthalmologist is different from an optometrist because they not only provide routine eye care, but they are also trained to perform eye surgery for various conditions. This might include cataracts, glaucoma, cornea and retina issues, and more. Many of these diseases can be treated with laser surgery, refractive lens exchange, and implantable lenses.